Innovate. Engineer. Change


I study interactions between technology, development and society in a number of ways: technology and development, technology and industrialisation, technology and market power and the role of technological change in economic and social processes. My interests are in analysing how such technological change occurs, and why it leaves out people, regions and countries worldwide, what institutional and other factors contribute to this, and how we can better engage with inequality trends that perpetuate with technological change.

My work – both theoretical and practical – show that technology is not necessarily neutral despite its socially beneficial characteristics. While it moves the frontier, it is also a product of careful design, embodies certain values that can become instruments of power. These aspects need more attention in discussions on how technology facilitates social change, engages actors, promotes participation and enables development. I advance work on such a holistic treatment of technology through Rights2100: an initiative that aims to project new visions of the future where technology is more accountable to societal change and exclusion.

Insights from the perspective of various communities with whom I have worked for over two decades, such as international and regional policy agencies, civil society, academia, local firms and marginalized groups help me shape my work and my quest. Some of what I have done in the past can be found in my academic articles and policy reports. I also blog, write books, give talks and tweet (often unsuccessfully).  

I am currently a Fellow and Senior Advisor at the Berkman Klein Center, Harvard University, an Adjunct Professor at the Department of Social Sciences, Aalborg University, Denmark and a Professorial Fellow at the United Nations University-MERIT.  

The weblog Digital Watch 2100 (coming soon) will contain writings and musings from experts and activists on the topic.



Can there be development in the data economy?

In the data economy, both promises and perils co-exist. Just as new digital technologies promote productivity, dynamic growth returns, sectoral change and help achieve a large number of sustainable development goals ranging from energy, to health care, to infrastructure, they bring new challenges.

Innovation and Technology: Serving the Underserved


Justice and dialogue in the digital economy